The Truth about the Indians (Aboriginals) of Canada

Many believe that the Aboriginals of Canada were peaceful tribes, highly intelligent and a progressive civilization; and of course are the victims of British & French Colonialism. History tells a different story.

Quotes from Our Empire Story by H.E. Marshall.

Hudson sailed four times to the land of snow. He, too,  like Cartier, met with Red Indians. On one voyage he gave them  presents of hatchets, spades, and stockings. When he returned next time he was very much amused to find that the Indians had hung the spades and hatchets round their necks as ornaments, and had made tobacco pouches of the stockings. Amid much  laughter the Englishmen put handles onthe spades and shafts to the hatchets, and showed the simple savages their proper use by digging the ground and cutting down trees.


The Red Indians were divided roughly into two great  tribes, the Iroquois and the Algonquins. These two tribes hated  each other bitterly and were nearly always at war. Both the
Iroquois and the Algonquins were divided into clans or families,  each clan having its own name. But in war they all took sides,  either with the Iroquois or with the Algonquins. The Iroquois are
sometimes called the Five Nations, from the five chief clans of which they were made up. They are also sometimes called the  Long House from the shape of their huts.

The Red Indians were among the most fierce and cruel of  all savages. After a battle they held wild orgies, at which the  prisoners were tortured with dreadful cruelty, and which often

ended with a sickening feast upon the dead bodies of the enemy. One of the horrible things they did was to scalp their enemies, that is, with their stone hatchets, called tomahawks, they would
cut off part of the skin of the head with the hair upon it. The more scalps a warrior could gather the greater and braver was he thought. Often a chiefs cloak would be decorated with a fringe
of the scalps which he had taken.

Before the Indians went to battle, they would paint their faces and bodies and often shave their heads, but the "scalp lock" was always left as a kind of challenge and defiance to the  enemy.


The Algonquins took many prisoners, whom they treated with abominable cruelty.

When the whites first came to Canada, the Indians were as wild and ignorant as our forefathers had been when the Romans first landed upon the shores of Britain. In some ways, indeed, the Red Man was more savage, for the Britons in that far-off time had swords of iron and copper. The Red Man knew nothing of metals. His tomahawk was of stone,the head being fastened to a wooden handle by thongs of leather. His arrow  heads were of flint. His greatest treasure was "wampum," that is, beads made of shells. These beads were used for making belts, and a belt of wampum was the grandest present which an Indian  could give to any one.

The Indian soon found out that for a few skins he could buy shining steel axes and long, keen knives from the Pale faces. For many skins he could buy the magic sticks which spoke death  at great distance. And the Red Man was clever. He learned quickly. Soon he was as good a shot as the white man. Then the rattle and bang of firearms was added to the war-cry of the Indians, and the wonder is that the few white men were not swept from the face of Canada.